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South Africa



People & Culture:




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1) The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) spurred wealth and immigration and intensified the subjugation of the native inhabitants.
2)The Boer War (1899-1902)
3)The Boers ruled together under the Union of South Africa. In 1948, the National Party was voted into power and instituted a policy of apartheid - the separate development of the races. The first multi-racial elections in 1994 brought an end to apartheid and ushered in black majority rule

.4) Population - 43,786,115
estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)
5)
Age Structure- 0-14 years: 28.6% (male 6,295,422/female 6,219,283)
15-64 years: 65.9% (male 14,114,838/female 14,737,791)
65 years and over: 5.5% (male 927,932/female 1,490,849) (2008 est.)

6)
Birth Rate- 17.71 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death Rate- 22.7 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Infant Mortality Rate- total: 58.26 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 61.64 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 54.81 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)




Economics & Industry


external image ts?t=138991625701768176871) South Africa is a middle-income, emerging market with an abundant supply of natural resources; well-developed financial, legal, communications, energy, and transport sectors; a stock exchange that is 17th largest in the world; and modern infrastructure supporting an efficient distribution of goods to major urban centers throughout the region.
2) GDP(per capita) - $10,600 (2007 est.)
3) Industries- mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair


Landmarks


external image ED1EA977-AF5B-413A-A6C7-3C34EE89A74A.jpgNelson Mandela Bridge
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Museum Africa

Physical Geography

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South Africa occupies the southern tip of the African continent, stretching from 22°S to 35°S latitude and from 17°E to 33°E longitude. The northeastern corner of the country lies within the tropics, astride the Tropic of Capricorn. South Africa covers 1.2 million square kilometers of land, one-seventh the area of the United States, or roughly twice the area of Texas. Nearly 4,900 kilometers of international boundaries separate South Africa